Orchard in Autumn
Though he was born and pursued most of his career in Amsterdam, Jaap Weijand studied art in Paris beginning in 1908. There he absorbed the innovations in modernist painting and brought them back to Amsterdam where he soon became a committee member of the Moderne Kunstkring, an organization of Dutch modernist artists. Moving to the artists village of Bergen, Noord-Holland, he began painting in a style influenced by the Bergense School, applying color fields, as he does in Orchard in Autumn, most frequently in his favorite shades of ochre, vermilion, and indigo blue. His work clearly prefigures that of the Abstract Expressionists as well as the Color Field painters of the 1950s. When the director of the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, B.W.F. van Riemsdijk, introduced him to collectors Carel and Mimi de Visser-Roelofs, a long-term alliance was formed; the Visser-Roelofs were his patrons from 1916 to 1929. Their financial contribution allowed Weijand to paint as he liked, while maintaining his family. Unfortunately, this arrangement kept Weijand from being exposed to a broader audience and it is only in recent years that his contribution to Dutch modernism has come to be appreciated.