Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard at Charleston
A Louisiana native, Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893) was born on May 28, 1818 on the Contreras sugar-cane plantation in St. Bernard Parish, the child of a wealthy Creole family. It wasn't until he was sent to a boarding school in New York at age 12 that he learned to speak English. He trained at West Point where one of his instructors was Robert Anderson - who commanded Ft. Sumter and surrendered to Beauregard, who led the Confederate forces at Charleston, at the outset of the war. Beauregard graduated second in his class with the nickname "Little Napoleon" given to him by his army friends. Unfortunately, his service during the Civil War was frequently marred by his continuing disagreements with other Confederate leaders, including President Jefferson Davis. After the war, he served as a railroad executive and was a promoter of the Louisiana Lottery, making him one of the few wealthy Confederate veterans.