Battle of San Jacinto
During the early period of Mexican independence, many American immigrants had settled in Texas, then a part of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1835, this group rebelled, largely against the "Napoleon of the West", Antonio de Padua Maria Severino Lopez de Santa Anna, then president of Mexico, who had rescinded the democratic Constitution of 1824 and dissolved Mexico''s Congress. In 1836 Santa Anna led Mexico troops into Texas, slaughtering the inhabitants of the Alamo on March 6. He won a second battle near Goliad, executing all prisoners. General Sam Houston, with an army of only 900 to Santa Anna''s 3,000-5,000, retreated before him until deciding to launch a sneak attack. On April 21, in a battle lasting only 18 minutes, the Texans defeated Santa Anna, leaving 700 Mexicans dead and 730 captured, with only 9 Texans dying. The song The Yellow Rose of Texas is said to celebrate a biracial woman who deliberately distracted Santa Anna until the attack was launched, but, unfortunately, there is no primary source verification for such a charming story.