Lt. Gen. Thomas Jonathan Stonewall Jackson
Thomas B. Welch's portraits of Jackson and Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston introduced a certain mystery to the Norton. We know only a little about Welch; he was born in Charleston, South Carolina and at 17 was apprenticed to artist and engraver James Barton Longacre in Philadelphia and later studied there with Thomas Sully. A Southern sympathizer, Welch returned south at the outbreak of the Civil War. This portrait was apparently commissioned by James Parke Corbin, owner of the plantation Moss Neck in Virginia, which served as Jackson's headquarters in the winter of 1862-63. The debate concerns whether or not this portrait was painted from life, as Jackson's time for a sitting would have been limited, though artist and subject were almost certainly in each other's company at some time. Jackson was killed shortly thereafter. Welch left America after the war, and this portrait, along with one of Lee and 6 engravings, was exhibited at the 1868 Paris Salon.