Today's Hours
Museum: Closed
Gardens: 7:00 AM - 5:30 PM
Today's Hours
Museum: Closed
Gardens: 7:00 AM - 5:30 PM
Muletiers des Pyrenees
Muletiers des Pyrenees
Following the advent of the Industrial Revolution, the population in France and
other European nations increasingly moved into cities where burgeoning factories
and markets provided more employment for the lower class and investment
opportunities for the middle class. The first apartment buildings went up all
over Paris and the streets were crowded with horse trolleys and foot traffic.
New generations were growing up who'd never been outside the city or seen a cow
before it was steak. As a result, there was a growing nostalgia for the
countryside and pastoral life, including the work of rural laborers and domestic
animals. Painters like Rosa Bonheur and her brothers fed this desire by painting
beautifully rendered scenes of a somewhat idealized rustic life that expressed
the dignity of both worker and working animal. Born and raised in Paris, Rosa
learned to paint animals by either convincing her brothers to lug them six
stories up to their apartment, or dressing herself in pants and visiting the
stockyards and slaughterhouses of the city. Once she had attained some success,
she traveled to the French countryside, expanding the view, but always returning
to the subject of the domestic labor that made city life possible.