William has an Armand Marseille bisque head, brown hair and brown eyes. He wears a black cutaway coat, which extends to the waist in front, then "cuts away" to tails in the back, hence the term "cutaway coat"; this was the most common coat for daily wear during the period. The notes say he is wearing a white waistcoat, but that is not evident in the photograph. His shirt would have been the conditional use is because I have nothing in Mrs. Gray's notes to verify this; it is speculation based on research about the period cotton, the finest of which were a finely woven type close...
Created by: Gray, Ruth Lewelling
Manufactured by: Armand Marseilles
Born in England, Thomas Birch (1779-1851) moved to Philadelphia in 1794 with his father, noted enamellist and miniature painter William Russell Birch. Launching his own artistic career, the younger Birch specialized in winter scenes like Winter Scene, Sleighing Party, strongly influenced by English genre painting, and seascapes, achieving special acclaim for eyewitness scenes of naval battles during the War of 1812. Despite his proficiency and the critical respect of his peers, Birch was unable to obtain consistent patronage and died in poverty.
Created by: Birch, Thomas
Born in Washington D.C. to an art gallery owner, Benson Moore trained as a framer and art restorer before attending the Corcoran School of Art where he studied with three leading late 19th century landscape artists. While working as a photo-engraver, Moore built a career as a landscape painter, first in the Barbizon style but later turning more impressionistic. He was one of the founding members of the Washington Landscape Club as well as a leading wildlife painter, producing thousands of illustrations of animals, including some for the Smithsonian. However, he remains best known for his snowy scenes of the...
Created by: Moore, Benson Bond