As Post-Impressionist art dominated the scene at the beginning of the 20th century, some scholars mark a split between those who focused on the expressive properties of color like Matisse and those who emphasized a refinement of line and basic geometric forms like Picasso. Groshans Still Life (with table and books) proceeds along the Picasso essence of form, muting color and refining the table and chairs to a simplified configuration. While Groshans himself cited surrealists Giorgio de Chirico and Salvador Dali as his influences, scholar William Gerdts identifies his work as more Mysterious Realism than surrealism. Groshans specialized in, essentially,...
Created by: Groshans, Werner
Charles Keck was born in New York City where he studied at the Art Students League and the National Academy of Design. From 1893-1898, he was an assistant to the renowned American sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens. Soon after, he won the Rinehart Scholarship and spent 1900-1902 at the American Academy in Rome, which Saint-Gaudens had helped to found. After his return to America, he became widely known for his sculptural portraits of famous Americans, largely as monuments associated with the City Beautiful Movement of the early 20th century. In addition to this bust of Jackson, Keck also produced a full-sized equestrian sculpture of Stonewall Jackson for Jackson Park in...
Created by: Keck, Charles
The First Battle of Winchester was fought on May 25, 1862 in and around Winchester, Virginia and proved to be a major victory in Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Jackson's primary goal was to continually engage 3 Union armies, thereby preventing them from reinforcing the Union offensive against Richmond. By employing rapid, unpredictable movements, Jackson, with a relatively small force of 17,000 men, managed to do so, marching them 646 miles in 48 days and winning several battles. At Winchester, his forces attacked those of Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks. In earlier skirmishes, his forces had taken so many Union...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.