Born in Kentucky, Jefferson Finis Davis (1808-1889) served as President of the Confederate States of America for the entire existence of both the state and the office, 1861-1865. As child, he lived briefly in Louisiana before the family moved to Mississippi. A graduate of West Point, he served in the U.S. army, but wishing to marry Sarah Knox Taylor, the daughter of his commanding officer Zachary Taylor, against her father's wishes, he resigned his commission. Unfortunately, Sarah died only 3 months after their wedding in 1835; in 1845, he married Varina Howell. Davis served in Congress as the representative from...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
Oddly enough, George Henry Story is best known for his portraits of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln actually sat for him for three days, and later Story was also responsible for establishing the Presidential pose for Lincoln's first photograph in office. Born in New Haven, Connecticut, Story began his career at 15 as an apprentice woodcarver. However, he also managed to study in Europe for several years. While becoming well-known as a portraitist, he also worked as a curator, serving in that capacity at both the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, Connecticut, even serving...
Created by: Story, George Henry
While enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Charles Camoin met fellow students Henri Matisse and Albert Marquet; the three of them, along with Georges Roualt, Henri Manguin, Andre Derain, and Maurice de Vlaminck, formed the group of artists christened the Fauves (wild beasts) for their wild expressionistic use of color and refusal to conform to the standards of the Paris Salon. The Fauves used both bold lines and flat planes, but emphasized color above all else, choosing it to express emotional states of mind, a technique that would eventually give birth to the Post-Modernist Abstract Expressionists and Color...
Created by: Camoin, Charles
In this portrait of France's arguably most famous heroine, Paul de la Boulaye uses both Academic and Romantic styles to bring a psychological dimension as well as some romantic brio to a classic figure. With Jeanne d'Arc, the French version of her name, her wary glance as she slowly pulls her sword from her sheath suggests her suspicion and fear of the incipient treachery that will lead to her fall to English forces, while the blending of the pictorial realism of the figure (Academic) with the softer, less finished brushstrokes of costume and background (Romantic) creates the perfect new style to convey an interior state of mind. With...
Created by: Boulaye, Paul Antoine de la
This profile portrait is likely of the well-to-do Virginia planter named John Lewis, though there are others by the name. The artist, Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de Saint-Memin, is more readily known. Saint-Memin was born a member of the French nobility in Dijon and art merely a pastime at first. In 1784 he enrolled in the Royal Military Academy in Paris, but graduated just as the French Revolution drove his family into exile in Switzerland. In 1793 they moved to the family's sugarcane estate in Saint-Dominique (later Haiti), but when the revolution spread there as well, fled to New...
Created by: Saint Memin, C.B.J.F.
Irish-born painter John Blennerhasset Martin did at least two portraits of Chief Justice John Marshall in his judicial robes. John Marshall (1755-1835) was the 4th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, serving from February 4, 1801 until his death in 1835. Previously, he had served in the House of Representatives and as John Adam's Secretary of State. He eventually became not only the longest serving Chief Justice in Supreme Court history, but also established the courts exercise of judicial review, the power to strike down laws that violate the Constitution. As a result, he is generally considered the individual...
Created by: Martin, J. Blennerhassett
On snuff box lid. Copy of portrait of John Paul Jones by Richard Brookshaw.