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Today's Hours
Museum: 10:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Gardens: 7:00 AM - 5:30 PM
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All Items (Guillaume, L.M.D.) (Paintings)
Collection Item
During the early period of Mexican independence, many American immigrants had settled in Texas, then a part of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1835, this group rebelled, largely against the "Napoleon of the West", Antonio de Padua Maria Severino Lopez de Santa Anna, then president of Mexico, who had rescinded the democratic Constitution of 1824 and dissolved Mexico''s Congress. In 1836 Santa Anna led Mexico troops into Texas, slaughtering the inhabitants of the Alamo on March 6. He won a second battle near Goliad, executing all prisoners. General Sam Houston, with an army of only 900 to Santa Anna''s 3,000-5,000, retreated...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
Collection Item
John Singleton Mosby (1833-1916) was practicing law in Virginia when the war broke out, but quickly proved his talent for mayhem. He joined J.E.B. Stuart's staff as a scout and led the way for Stuart's famous ride around McClellan's army. In July, 1862, he was given authority to raise a band of partisans in northern Virginia and used it to wreak havoc on Union supply lines, forcing troops to guard them and thus taking them away from the front lines. In his most famous foray, he rode into Fairfax Court House and awoke Union General Edwin H. Stoughton with a...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
Collection Item
At the Battle of Chancellorsville, Lee and his most trusted general, Stonewall Jackson, daringly divided their army and attacked the flank of the Union troops lead by General Joseph Hooker, commander of the Army of the Potomac, defeating his superior forces. Unfortunately, following the battle, Jackson was accidentally shot by his own sentry and died soon after. On May 6, 1863, Lee issued an general order, or speech, suggesting a day of thanks. "General Orders No. 59" was published in the Harpers Weekly of May 23, 1863. Still hoping for Jackson's recovery, Lee ended the order with these lines:...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
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Born in Kentucky, Jefferson Finis Davis (1808-1889) served as President of the Confederate States of America for the entire existence of both the state and the office, 1861-1865. As child, he lived briefly in Louisiana before the family moved to Mississippi. A graduate of West Point, he served in the U.S. army, but wishing to marry Sarah Knox Taylor, the daughter of his commanding officer Zachary Taylor, against her father's wishes, he resigned his commission. Unfortunately, Sarah died only 3 months after their wedding in 1835; in 1845, he married Varina Howell. Davis served in Congress as the representative from...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
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Joseph Eggleston Johnston (1807-1891) was the highest-ranking regular army officer to resign and join the Confederacy; some considered him more capable than Lee. Johnston''s resentment over what he considered men of less experience and ability being given higher rank inhibited his performance during the war. During the winter of 1861-62, he commanded the Department of Northern Virginia and engaged in what critics called a "phony war" with Union commander George B. McClellan. Wounded at the Battle of Seven Pines, he was succeeded by Robert E. Lee and afterward given charge of the Department of the West. After the war, he...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
Collection Item
Born in Nantes, France, Guillaume studied art in Paris before coming to the U.S. and settling in Richmond in 1857. He was probably the best-trained portraitist working in the South during the Civil War and is known for his portraits of Confederate generals, including the 6 equestrian portraits in this gallery. Like many painters, Guillaume used himself as a subject at various ages; this was one of his earliest, as a young man. The Olla Podrida Gallery features another self-portrait depicting himself as a successful middle-aged man and doting husband of the wife in its companion piece.
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
Collection Item
A Louisiana native, Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893) was born on May 28, 1818 on the Contreras sugar-cane plantation in St. Bernard Parish, the child of a wealthy Creole family. It wasn't until he was sent to a boarding school in New York at age 12 that he learned to speak English. He trained at West Point where one of his instructors was Robert Anderson - who commanded Ft. Sumter and surrendered to Beauregard, who led the Confederate forces at Charleston, at the outset of the war. Beauregard graduated second in his class with the nickname "Little Napoleon" given...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
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This painting is likely based upon a famous photograph of Robert E. Lee in profile. Robert Edward Lee (1807 - 1870) is best known as the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Though he achieved enduring fame as a tactician, some military historians have criticized his strategic decisions. After the war, Lee served as president of Washington College (later Washington and Lee University) and supported President Andrew Johnson's program of Reconstruction, while, however, opposing the proposal to give freed slaves the vote. His popularity continued to rise after his death in 1870 and today he still remains...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
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The First Battle of Winchester was fought on May 25, 1862 in and around Winchester, Virginia and proved to be a major victory in Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Jackson's primary goal was to continually engage 3 Union armies, thereby preventing them from reinforcing the Union offensive against Richmond. By employing rapid, unpredictable movements, Jackson, with a relatively small force of 17,000 men, managed to do so, marching them 646 miles in 48 days and winning several battles. At Winchester, his forces attacked those of Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks. In earlier skirmishes, his forces had taken so many Union...
Created by: Guillaume, L.M.D.
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